THE NATIONAL MEDIA AND THE WAR AGAINST THE ORGANIZED CRIME.
Our temporary world has witnessed various overlapping threats which intend to create a climate of fear and terrorism, to realize their objectives by force. For example, these threats try to change the political priorities of the government, reframing the collective conscience, the exclusion of community ideology, and to achieve personal interests.
In attempt to find a definition for terrorism, studies were conducted to research in depth this violence that spreads all over the world. Despite the academic attempts that were made, the ambiguity still covers the results of such studies. Some researchers see terrorism as the deliberate use of violence to impose human, political, moral, social and ideological objectives in a given society. Mostly, the violence is to target the state and government policies. But this definition is just one conclusion with which some researchers have come up as the other who have faith in so doing still exercising the violence to cause damage and change the facts. That violence was justified by some glamorous emblems and picturesque calls which motivate feelings and provokes emotions to convince people that this orientation is true and legitimate.
Those two definitions were not alone. Another compromised definition takes into consideration the causes and effects. It legalizes self-defense if it respects rules and prohibitions. However, the politicalisation and the whims of those people prevent determining a precise definition for that.
Despite all what has been said about this issue, the national definition of anti-terrorism remains the most accurate one. It comes as part of the anti-terrorism law. This law states: the terrorism glorifies the violence and intolerance. But also threatens the stability of the country and the institutions, personnel and facilities security besides the active interests of the country.
Based on the Islamic teachings and its spiritual values and in accordance with the democratic tenets which are stipulated in the constitution. This law ensures the right of the community :
- To live in peace, security and quietness, far from what may threaten the stability and institutions.
- To reject all types of perversion: violence, intolerance, racism and terrorism which destroy the peace and stability of the community.
The state as the national entity is responsible to contribute in the efforts of the international community in the anti-terrorism and to block its financing resources. All this, is in the framework of the international, regional and mutual treaties Mauritania has signed.
As the terrorist attacks increased, the war on terrorism has become nightmare. That war, because of media exaggeration, seems to be the war of the whole on the whole. Without such media the terrorism would be very limited. Here it is legitimate for the following question to rise. What is the right role the national media should play in the anti- terrorism?
1- The role the national media should play.
The media material is results of a wide and responsible human mind. It hopes to participate, positively, in the evolving human life. Through playing the active role, the media frames the human mind and orientates the people to parables and values that match rules and norms. By that, it encounters all what can threaten the peace and spread the chaotic violence. The motivations of the journalist can make him forget that the media should contribute in uncovering terrorism and its various dimensions. Not only that, but also to support the anti-terrorism military and particularly if that motherland is that military which is impacted by the terrorism.
2- The level of the expression freedom: the freedom enables the journalist to work without fear and to approach the news far from outside dictations. Although, the journalist should respect the constrictions, the journalistic material ought to undergo. When he deals, for instance, with some people doctrine, unity or security, he has to pay a great deal of attention. The journalist is not alien in his community. Therefore, he is capable to get the most sensitive news whose publication may cost lives.
In addition to that, the third article of the anti-terrorism national law categorizes the following act as a terrorist one: providing weapons, explosions, skills, experiences ammunition or other materials and similar equipments for a person, organization or agreement that has connection with terrorist crimes as well as providing useful information for them, directly or indirectly, to commit a terrorist crime. So the journalist should take into consideration the side effects which publishing normal news that contains details may have on the soldiers and the missions they are in charge of. He should respect the moral and ethical regulations on which he will be held accountable by his antinational conscience before the law.
After having addressed the relation between the media and terrorism, one can say that media is a multi-task tool. It can be instrumentalised to maintain peace and security on one hand and it can, also, be used to deconstruct the humanity and then to spread the culture of hate and hostility between the elements of one community and to justify that, later, by freedom of speech. So, it is normal to have rules that control such freedom. But these rules still need to be respected by the journalists.